Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend International Conference on Social Sciences & Interdisciplinary Studies London, UK.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Adenrele Awotona

University of Massachusetts Boston, USA

Keynote: Slums of despair, global disasters and public health

Time : 09:30-10:15

OMICS International Social Sciences 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Adenrele Awotona photo
Biography:

Adenrele Awotona Professor of Urban Planning and Community Studies, is the founder and Director of the Center for Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters, and a former Dean of the College of Public and Community Service at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA.  He was previously a Director of Studies for the British Council International Seminars (“Reconstruction after disasters”) in the UK where he has also served at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne as a Director of Graduate Studies in architecture and urban design. Through research, consultancy and teaching, he has professional experience in several countries in five continents. Similarly, he has been a principal investigator on major research projects funded by various agencies in the USA and UK. A stream of publications has, therefore, emanated from his research and consultancy services. Professor Awotona earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge, UK, and a Certificate from Harvard University’s Institute of Management and Leadership in Education.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: The complex interrelationships among disasters (due to wars, violent conflicts, and natural hazards such as droughts, landslides, earthquakes and floods, among others), people’s vulnerabilities to disasters (social, economic and physical), the ubiquity of slums and the resilience of their dwellers globally, and public health (environmental, community, behavioral, public policy, and others) are yet to be closely examined. The United Nations has estimated that about one billion people currently live in urban slums worldwide and this will increase to two billion by 2030.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A combination of library-based study and careful observations during in-country assessments is used.  A social vulnerability approach to disasters informs the theoretical slant. The study starts with a review of the dimensions of slums of despair in developing countries and the effects of disasters on them. It investigates the reasons why conditions in slums persist and are exacerbated by global disasters. It then looks at what we can do to address the public health implications of the relentless growth of slums.

Findings, Conclusion & Significance: In spite of the various actions that have been taken by key stakeholders to reduce the risk of disasters and their social, economic and environmental impacts, more far-reaching work still needs to be done. This is critical in view of the fact that Task Force 8 - the Task Force on Improving the Lives of Slum Dwellers—was specifically charged by the United Nations with developing plans to improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

Recommendations: Disaster reduction and hazards mitigation strategies are offered. Moreover, local and national policies to address environmental degradation of cities and improve the quality of lives and health of slum dwellers are proposed.

References:

Aliyu, Alhaji. “Management of disasters and complex emergencies in Africa: The challenges and constraints,” Annals of African Medicine, Volume: 14, Issue 3, 2015, pp.123-131

Awotona, Adenrele (Ed.). Planning for Community-based Disaster Resilience Worldwide: Learning from Case Studies in Six Continents, Routledge, 2017, xvii+470pp.

Awotona, Adenrele (Ed.) Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters in China, Japan and Beyond. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, xliv+423pp.,

Awotona, Adenrele (Ed.). Rebuilding Sustainable Communities with Vulnerable Populations after the Cameras Have Gone: A Worldwide Study, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012, 570pp.

Awotona, Adenrele (Ed.). Rebuilding Sustainable Communities for Children and their Families after Disasters: A Global Survey, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010, xxviii+458pp.

Awotona, Adenrele (Ed.).  Rebuilding Sustainable Communities in Iraq: Policies, Programs and International Perspectives, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008, xxiii+317pp.

Keynote Forum

Scott Dittloff

University of the Incarnate Word, USA

Keynote: Dharavi: The health consequences of economic development

Time : 10:15-11:00

OMICS International Social Sciences 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Scott Dittloff photo
Biography:

Scott Dittloff is professor in the Department of Government and International Affairs at the University of the Incarnate Word.  His teaching and research interests focus on human rights, Caribbean/Latin American politics, international relations, and politics and culture.  Publications include “The Changing Economic Relationship: Caribbean Trade With the European Union” in Verbum Incarnatum:  An Academic Journal of Social Justice, CLEP Social Sciences and History with Test Ware, Workbook for American Politics (with Lydia Andrade), “Juárez:  The Reflection of U.S. Values in a Historical Drama” in The Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, and numerous articles on Caribbean and Latin American politics in various reference works.  Dr. Dittloff serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Social Sciences and the British Journal of Applied Science & Technology.

Abstract:

Dharavi, an enormous slum nestled in the center of Mumbai, is considered an economic success story. Property in Mumbai is the most expensive in the world, yet despite being in the middle of Mumbai, the citizens have managed to make property very affordable in Dharavi. Most residents have reliable public services including televisions with cable connections or even satellite dishes. Perhaps even more surprising is that Dharavi is full of thriving small-scale industries. Linens, embroidered garments, leather goods, packaged baked goods, reconditioning and recycling of a broad range of materials, hand-thrown pottery, and even luggage manufacturing, are all done in tiny manufacturing units throughout the slum. Dharavi sells not only to Mumbai, but to international markets as well. Annual production is estimated to be in the range of $650 million. There are quality schools, residents of Dharavi attend universities at both the undergraduate and graduate level, there is a small but robust banking system to finance business schemes, and there is even a tourism industry.

And yet, what often goes unnoticed, or at least unacknowledged, is the health toll that this economic success takes on its residents. Dharavi, as a slum area, is largely unregulated. Their economic success lies in the niche markets they have created by endeavoring to be the lowest price producer of the products and services they provide. While Mumbai is in the process of taking steps to regulate Dharavi, implementation is still a ways off. This presentation explores the reasons for and the consequences of this economic development model.

Dharavi - 7 separate islands
 
References:

“The Changing Economic Relationship: Caribbean Trade with the European Union.”  2012. Verbum Incarnatum:  An Academic Journal of Social Justice, Volume 5:  65-77.

“Chicago Boys.”  2012.  In Thomas Leonard, ed., Encyclopedia of U.S.-Latin American Relations.  CQ Press.

“Chiquita Brands International.”  2012.  In Thomas Leonard, ed., Encyclopedia of U.S.-Latin American Relations.  CQ Press.

CLEP Social Sciences and History with TestWare.  2009.  Piscataway, NJ:   Research & Education Association.

Workbook for American Politics (with Lydia Andrade).  2009.  Dubuque, IA:  Kendall Hunt Publishing.  

 

  • Sociology | Nursing | Psychology | Education | Medicine | Behavioral Studies | Humanities
Location: Atlantis 1
Speaker

Chair

Adenrele Awotona

University of Massachusetts Boston, USA

Speaker

Co-Chair

Scott Dittloff

University of the Incarnate Word, USA

Session Introduction

Michelle Garcia Torres

Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico

Title: Adult attachment as a predictor of the family functioning: A study with Mexican mothers

Time : 12:05-12:35

Speaker
Biography:

Michelle Garcia-Torres has her expertise in the study of Mexican family (especially single-parents families), parent styles, interpersonal relationships and social support. Her passion is helping women through social programs promoted for the Autonomous University of Mexico and some ONG. She has designed a model to explain family functioning in Mexico considering psychology and ethno psychology aspects. She is part of a new generation of researchers in Mexico.    

Abstract:

Statement of the problem: Attachment is an affectional bond presents in all human beings, a relatively durable union in which the partner is unique. There are four styles that describe the way people relate with their attachment figures: secure, preoccupied, avoidance and fearful. Attachment is a global style that directs the interpersonal relationships, especially with significant others and family members. Researchers have reported an effect of the parents´ attachment over familiar adaptability and cohesion. In addition, it has found that mothers with avoidance style of attachment could have a negative effect to the family system. It has reported that attachment´s styles have different impact depending on the culture. In the case of Mexico avoidance is related to lower relationship satisfaction and more conflict. Mexican family is the source of the most enduring relationships, provides material things and affection. Mexico as a collectivist culture promotes closeness and harmony relationships. The aim of this study was predict the family functioning through attachment´s styles in Mexican mothers.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A quantitative, transversal study was conducted. The sample had 200 participants, with a mean age of 38.48 years (SD = 6.49). All of them responded two Liker-type scales; one evaluates the attachment and the other the family functioning in Mexican people. Five multiple lineal regression analyses were conducted to examine the data.

Findings: Preoccupied and secure were good predictors of positive familiar environment; Conflict inside the family was predicted by preoccupied and fearful; Amusement was predicted only by the secure attachment; Hostility was predicted by fearful and avoidance; and Coalitions were predicted by fearful and preoccupied attachment.

Conclusion & Significance: Attachment impacts the closest and more significant relationships with positive or negative outcomes. Recommendations are made to promote secure attachment to foster harmony and enjoyable relationships.

PAPIIT Project IN306616

Participants

Multiple linear regressions for positive family environment

References:

Carreras, M. A., Brizzio, A., González, R., Mele, S.,  Casullo, M. M. (2008). Los estilos de apego en los vínculos románticos y no románticos. Estudio comparativo con adolescentes argentinos y españoles. Revista Iberoamericana de Diagnóstico y Evaluación - e Avaliação Psicológica, 107-124. 

Friedman, M., Rholes, S., Simpson, J., Bond, M., Díaz-Loving, R., Chan, C. (2010). Attachment avoidance and the cultural fit hypothesis: A cross-cultural investigation. Personal Relationships, 17, 107-126.

García-Méndez, M., Rivera-Aragón, S., Díaz-Loving, R., & Reyes-Lagunes, I. (2015). Continuidad y cambio en la familia: factores intervinientes. México: Manual Moderno.

Pedro, M. F., Ribeiro, T., & Shelton, K. H. (2015). Romantic attachment and family functioning: The mediating role of marital satisfaction. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 24(11), 3482-3495. doi: 10.1007/s10826-015-0150-6.

Sheftall, A. H., Mathias, C. W., Furr, R. M., & Dougherty, D. M. (2013).Adolescent attachment security, family functioning, and suicide attempts. Attachment & Human Development, 15(4), 368-383. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2013.782649.

García-Torres, M., & García-Méndez, M. (en prensa), Escala de Apego Adulto no Romántico para población mexicana.

García-Méndez, M. (en prensa). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Funcionamiento Familiar Modificada en una muestra mexicana.

 

Biography:

Mirna Garcia-Mendez is member of the National System of Researchers in Mexico. She has her expertise in the study of interpersonal relationships, culture and
family. She is the coordinator in the Academic Trajectory of Health and Behavioural Sciences area in the National Autonomous University of Mexico, where she is
in charge of projects which principal purpose is helping people in one of the poorest areas of Mexico.

Abstract:

Statement of the problem: Attachment is an affectional bond presents in all human beings, a relatively durable union in which the partner is unique. There are four styles that describe the way people relate with their attachment figures: secure, preoccupied, avoidance and fearful. Attachment is a global style that directs the interpersonal relationships, especially with significant others and family members. Researchers have reported an effect of the parents attachment over familiar adaptability and cohesion. In addition, it has found that mothers with avoidance style of attachment could have a negative effect to the family system. It has reported that attachment´s styles have different impact depending on the culture. In the case of Mexico avoidance is related to lower relationship satisfaction and more conflict. Mexican family is the source of the most enduring relationships, provides material things and affection. Mexico as a collectivist culture promotes closeness and harmony relationships. The aim of this study was predict the family functioning through attachment´s styles in Mexican mothers.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A quantitative, transversal study was conducted. The sample had 200 participants, with a mean age of 38.48 years (SD = 6.49). All of them responded two Liker-type scales; one evaluates the attachment and the  other the family functioning in Mexican people. Five multiple lineal regression analyses were conducted to examine the data.
Findings: Preoccupied and secure were good predictors of positive familiar environment; Conflict inside the family was predicted by preoccupied and fearful; Amusement was predicted only by the secure attachment; Hostility was predicted by fearful and avoidance; and Coalitions were predicted by fearful and preoccupied attachment.
Conclusion & Significance: Attachment impacts the closest and more significant relationships with positive or negative outcomes. Recommendations are made to promote secure attachment to foster harmony and enjoyable relationships.

PAPIIT Project IN306616

Multiple linear regression for conflict

Multiple regression for amusement

References:

Carreras, M. A., Brizzio, A., González, R., Mele, S.,  Casullo, M. M. (2008). Los estilos de apego en los vínculos románticos y no románticos. Estudio comparativo con adolescentes argentinos y españoles. Revista Iberoamericana de Diagnóstico y Evaluación - e Avaliação Psicológica, 107-124. 

Friedman, M., Rholes, S., Simpson, J., Bond, M., Díaz-Loving, R., Chan, C. (2010). Attachment avoidance and the cultural fit hypothesis: A cross-cultural investigation. Personal Relationships, 17, 107-126.

García-Méndez, M., Rivera-Aragón, S., Díaz-Loving, R., & Reyes-Lagunes, I. (2015). Continuidad y cambio en la familia: factores intervinientes. México: Manual Moderno.

Pedro, M. F., Ribeiro, T., & Shelton, K. H. (2015). Romantic attachment and family functioning: The mediating role of marital satisfaction. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 24(11), 3482-3495. doi: 10.1007/s10826-015-0150-6.

Sheftall, A. H., Mathias, C. W., Furr, R. M., & Dougherty, D. M. (2013).Adolescent attachment security, family functioning, and suicide attempts. Attachment & Human Development, 15(4), 368-383. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2013.782649.

García-Torres, M., & García-Méndez, M. (en prensa), Escala de Apego Adulto no Romántico para población mexicana.

García-Méndez, M. (en prensa). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Funcionamiento Familiar Modificada en una muestra mexicana.

 

 

Speaker
Biography:

Yee Leung is the Director of the Institute of Future Cities and Research Professor of the Department of Geography and Resource Management at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has done significant research in the probabilistic approach to uncertainty analysis in general and uncertainty propagation in geographical information systems in particular. He pioneers research in geographical analysis under fuzziness, and generalizes uncertainty analysis to various types of uncertainty using rough set theory, possibility theory, and theory of evidence. He also engages in novel research in climate dynamics, air quality analysis, spatial epidemiology, urban and regional analysis, intelligent spatial decision support systems, and spatial data mining and knowledge discovery.

Abstract:

Rapid urban growth in high density cities has generated tremendous environmental and mental stress that threatens the physical and mental well-beings of the city residents. It in turn impacts on our health and productivity, as well as the sustainability of a city. Therefore, effective monitoring and mitigation of our environmental conditions and related health issues is of utmost importance for us to lead a smart and healthy living in our fast changing city landscapes. This research shows how social scientists can work together with the engineering and medical scientists to develop a holistic approach to the monitoring and mitigation of physical and mental health problems in high density living. Specifically we will demonstrate how air pollution can be monitored and analysed through an air pollution decision support system that integrates multisource, multi-type and multi-scale data related to air pollution. We will show how public sentiments and opinions can be incorporated into the analysis framework to gauge the impact of air pollution on the society in general and people in particular. Furthermore, we will show how mobile devices and wearable’s can be deployed to monitor our physical and mental states, and how a personalized health care advisory system can be developed to alleviate physical and mental stress. We will employ real-life examples solved by the research team in the Institute of Future Cities at The Chinese University of Hong Kong to substantiate our arguments.

References:

Ming Luo, Yee Leung, Yu Zhou and Wei Zhang. “Scaling Behaviors of Global Sea Surface Temperature”. Journal of Climate 3122-3132., 2015.04.14.

Yee Leung, Nan-Nan Ji and Jiang-Hong Ma. “An Integrated Information Fusion Approach Based on the Theory of Evidence and Group Decision-making.” Information Fusion, 14 (2013): 410-422.

Shun Wai Tsang and Yee Leung. “A Theory-Based Cellular Automata for the Simulation of Land-Use Change”. Geographical Analysis, 43(2011), 142-171.

Leung Yee; Erjia Ge; and Yu, Zu-Guo. “Temporal Scaling Behavior of Avian Influenza A (H5N1): The Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis”. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101(2011):  1221 - 1240.

Yee Leung. Knowledge Discovery in Spatial Data. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2010, 360 pages.

Speaker
Biography:

Angie holds professional qualifications as a Registered Integrated Marketing Communicator of Nigeria with the Certified Marketing Communications Institute of
Nigeria (CMCIN) and an Associate Member of the Advertising Practitioners’ Council of Nigeria (APCON). She served as a cub reporter and interviewer with the print media organization known as New Nigeria Newspaper (NNN) Ltd in 2004; she also worked with the broadcast media organization known as Africa Independent Television (AIT), in 2008, where she was involved in preparing, proofreading and editing news reports for on-air transmission. Angie possesses the gift of gab with good writing and editing skills. Some of the undergraduate courses taught include speech communication & rhetoric, broadcast station management &
programming, foundation of broadcasting, announcing & presentation, et cetera. She is an up-and-coming whiz kid in the field of Health Communication whose on-going Ph.D. research focuses on the mass media and safe motherhood.

Abstract:

This study examines how autism campaigns placed on the Nigerian broadcast media can create awareness and influence the perception people have of autism victims in Nigeria. The autism campaigns selected for the study were those carried out by the Patrick Speech Centre for Languages – an organisation for autism and people with learning disabilities – because the organisation has been in the fore front of autism awareness in the mass media. This study set out to discover: autism campaigns promoted in the Nigerian broadcast media; the different means of autism awareness; the influence of autism campaign on autism awareness and perception of autistic victims; and the level of exposure to autism campaigns. This study comprised a sample size of 81 survey participants; it was a combination of the simple random, purposive and cluster sampling techniques. The diffusion of innovations and perception theories were adopted in this study. Findings revealed that autism campaigns were actually promoted in the Nigerian broadcast media but have not, however, been successful in influencing autism awareness and the perception people have of autistic victims. They also showed a low level of exposure to autism campaigns among the survey participants. Part of the recommendations in this study was that autism campaign organisers should carry out thorough research on their target audience, message and communication medium before executing any campaign project while media professionals were urged to do more of autism awareness by setting agenda on autism and giving the issue prominence as this also helps to create awareness on autism.

References:

Gbenga, F.K and Deji, O. F. (2015) Gender analysis of technologies utilization among small scale oil palm fruits processors in Ondo state, Nigeria. Acta Agronomica. 64:1.

Olatade, K. O., Olugbire, O. O., Adepoju, A. O, Aremu, F. J. and Oyedele, P. B. (2016). How do farmers’ characteristics affect their willingness to adopt agricultural innovation? The case of bio-fortified Cassava in Oyo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology. 5: 9-15.           

Igbinoba, O. A. et al. (2016). New media and HIV/AIDS awareness among married women. Communication Review, 7:3, Nigeria: The Department of Mass Communication, University of Lagos. Pp 119-136.

Olugbire, O. O., Aremu, F. J., Opute, O. H., Ojedokun, C. A., Ayomide, A. A., and Oguntoye, T. O. (2016). Contribution of fuel wood marketing to sustainable livelihood in Oyo state, Nigeria. Russian Journal of Agriculture and Socio Economic Sciences. 3: 51-57.

Kassali, R., Aremu, F. J., and Shittu, B. A. (2015). An economic analysis of watermelon marketing in Oyo state, Nigeria. Journal of Production, Agriculture and Technology. 11: 43-52

Baruwa, O. I., Kassali, R., and Aremu, F. J. (2015). Adoption of improved maize varieties among farming households in Osun state, Nigeria. Journal of Production, Agriculture and Technology. 11:1-9

Ogunsola, G. O., Olugbire, O. O., Oyekale and Aremu, F. J. (2015). Understanding perception and adaptation to climate change among cocoa farmers in tropical Condition (2015). Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management 8 (Suppl.1): 816-825. Doi:http://bx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v8i1.9S

Olugbire, O. O., Aremu, F. J., Oyedele, P. B., and Ogedengbe, T. A. (2015). Analysis of profitability and operational efficiency of shea butter marketing: Empirical evidence from Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Journal of Sciences and Multidisciplinary Research 7: 40 – 46.

Olugbire, O. O., Adetunji, M. O., Aremu, F. J., and Iyiola, O. (2015) Poverty and Development among Rural Farmers: Implication on Nigeria’s Economy. A research article presented at the 3rd National Workshop cum Conference of Sustainable Livelihoods Development Network for Africa (SLIDEN) at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Nigeria.

Deji O. F. (2013). Gender analysis of fish farming technologies adoption by farmers in Ondo state. Scientific Research Essays 8 (26): 1219-1225